Reading Passage Generator. Maze Passage Generator. CBM: Math Computation. Math Worksheet Generator. CBM: Written Expression. Writing Probe Generator. This page is your 'one-stop' destination for free Curriculum-Based Measurement resources on the Internet. Browse the page to find CBM materials to conduct school-wide screenings and monitor student progress. Or review one of the featured manuals to learn how to use CBMs in schools and to interpret the results to make good RTI decisions. Materials are free but users do have to register with the site to obtain them.
How to Use Fluency Practice Passages
Access measures to track foundation reading skills
Reading A-Z resources organized into weekly content-based units and differentiated instruction options. Improve reading speed and accuracy with repeated readings of Fluency Practice Passages. Students orally read passages designed for one-minute readings several times with appropriate expression and smoothness to increase reading rate, resulting in improved focus on comprehension. View our Fluency Standards Table for additional information about recommended reading rates. Fluency is a key foundational skill that helps students read complex text with greater understanding.
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Jump to content. These procedures are described in Shinn ORF is a standardized set of passages and administration procedures designed to a identify children who may need additional instructional support, and b monitor progress toward instructional goals. The passages are calibrated for each grade level. Student performance is measured by having students read a passage aloud for one minute. Words omitted, substituted, and hesitations of more than three seconds are scored as errors. Words self-corrected within three seconds are scored as accurate. The number of correct words per minute is the oral reading fluency score. DIBELS ORF includes both benchmark passages to be used as screening assessments across the school year, as well as 20 alternate forms per grade for monitoring progress. ORF is administered in 1 st Grade through 8 th Grade.
You'll also find an analysis of how the norms differ from the norms. In , Jan Hasbrouck and Gerald Tindal completed an extensive study of oral reading fluency. The results of their study were published in a technical report entitledOral Reading Fluency: 90 Years of Measurement, archived in The Reading Teacher: Oral reading fluency norms: A valuable assessment tool for reading teachers. The table below shows the mean oral reading fluency of students in grades 1 through 6, as determined by Hasbrouck's and Tindal's data. You can also see an analysis of how the norms differ from the norms. ORF involves having students read aloud from an unpracticed passage for one minute. An examiner notes any errors made words read or pronounced incorrectly, omitted, read out of order, or words pronounced for the student by the examiner after a 3-second pause and then calculates the total of words read correctly per minute WCPM. This WCPM score has 30 years of validation research conducted over three decades, indicating it is a robust indicator of overall reading development throughout the primary grades. ORF is used for two primary purposes: Screening and progress monitoring. To answer these questions, the decision-makers rely on ORF norms that identify performance benchmarks at the beginning fall , middle winter , and end spring of the year.