Cyrenaic , adherent of a Greek school of moral philosophy , active around the turn of the 3rd century bc , which held that the pleasure of the moment is the criterion of goodness and that the good life consists in rationally manipulating situations with a view to their hedonistic or pleasure-producing utility. The school was called Cyrenaic because Cyrene in North Africa was the centre of its activity and the birthplace of several of its members. Although the elder Aristippus , a pupil of Socrates , was generally recognized as its founder, its flourishing occurred at a later date, probably at the end of the 4th century bc. According to the Cyrenaics, a man knows that things external to himself exist because they have an effect upon him, but he can know nothing about their nature.
This Greek philosopher, one of our favourites, spent his life arriving at fascinating answers to the largest puzzle there is: What makes people happy? Epicureanism is a system of philosophy based upon the teachings of Epicurus c. Further that the wise man really exists. The hellenistic schools will overlap in some of their ideals, you will find. Although Epicureanism is a form of hedonism, insofar as it declares pleasure as the sole intrinsic good, its conception of absence of pain as the greatest pleasure and its advocacy of a simple life make it different from "hedonism" as it is commonly understood. What's the difference between Cyrenaic and Epicurean Hedonism? Nevertheless the good man will be deterred from wrong-doing by the penalties imposed and the prejudices that it would arouse. Still have questions?
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The Cyrenaics are one of the minor Socratic schools. The school was founded by Aristippus, a follower of Socrates. The Cyrenaics are notable mainly for their empiricist and skeptical epistemology and their sensualist hedonism. They believe that we can have certain knowledge of our immediate states of perceptual awareness, e. However, we cannot go beyond these experiences to gain any knowledge about the objects themselves that cause these experiences or about the external world in general. In ethics, they advocate pleasure as the highest good. Furthermore, bodily pleasures are preferable to mental pleasures, and we should pursue whatever will bring us pleasure now, rather than deferring present pleasures for the sake of achieving better long-term consequences. The Cyrenaic school was founded by Aristippus c. Aristippus taught philosophy to his daughter Arete, who in turn taught philosophy to her son Aristippus. However, disentangling the exact contributions of the two to the Cyrenaic philosophy is difficult.
The school was so called after Cyrene , the birthplace of Aristippus. It was one of the earliest Socratic schools. The Cyrenaics taught that the only intrinsic good is pleasure, which meant not just the absence of pain as it did for Epicurus , but positively enjoyable sensations. Of these, momentary pleasures, especially physical ones, are stronger than those of anticipation or memory. They did, however, recognize the value of social obligation and that pleasure could be gained from altruistic behaviour. The school died out within a century and was replaced by the philosophy of Epicureanism. He came to Athens as a young man and became a pupil of Socrates. We have only limited knowledge of his movements after the execution of Socrates in BCE, although he is said to have lived for a time in the court of Dionysius of Syracuse.